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    The computer History of the computer



    عدد المساهمات : 10329
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    تاريخ التسجيل : 08/04/2009
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    The computer History of the computer

    مُساهمة من طرف GODOF في الأحد 7 مارس - 19:09

    Who invented the computer?" is not a question with a simple answer. The real answer is that many inventors contributed to the history of computers and that a computer is a complex piece of machinery made up of many parts, each of which can be considered a separate invention.

    This series covers many of the major milestones in computer history (but not all of them) with a concentration on the history of personal home computers.

    Computer History
    Computer History
    Computer History
    Description of Event
    1936 Konrad Zuse - Z1 ComputerFirst freely programmable computer.
    1942 John Atanasoff & Clifford Berry
    ABC Computer
    Who was first in the computing biz is not always as easy as ABC.
    1944 Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper
    Harvard Mark I Computer
    The Harvard Mark 1 computer.
    1946 John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
    ENIAC 1 Computer
    20,000 vacuum tubes later...
    1948 Frederic Williams & Tom Kilburn
    Manchester Baby Computer & The Williams Tube
    Baby and the Williams Tube turn on the memories.
    1947/48 John Bardeen, Walter Brattain & Wiliam Shockley
    The Transistor
    No, a transistor is not a computer, but this invention greatly affected the history of computers.
    1951 John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
    UNIVAC Computer
    First commercial computer & able to pick presidential winners.
    1953 International Business Machines
    IBM 701 EDPM Computer
    IBM enters into 'The History of Computers'.
    1954 John Backus & IBM
    FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
    The first successful high level programming language.
    Stanford Research Institute, Bank of America, and General Electric
    ERMA and MICR
    The first bank industry computer - also MICR (magnetic ink character recognition) for reading checks.
    1958 Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
    The Integrated Circuit
    Otherwise known as 'The Chip'
    1962 Steve Russell & MIT
    Spacewar Computer Game
    The first computer game invented.
    1964 Douglas Engelbart
    Computer Mouse & Windows
    Nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end.
    1969 ARPAnetThe original Internet.
    1970 Intel 1103 Computer MemoryThe world's first available dynamic RAM chip.
    1971 Faggin, Hoff & Mazor
    Intel 4004 Computer Microprocessor
    The first microprocessor.
    1971 Alan Shugart &IBM
    The "Floppy" Disk
    Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility.
    1973 Robert Metcalfe & Xerox
    The Ethernet Computer Networking
    1974/75 Scelbi & Mark-8 Altair & IBM 5100 ComputersThe first consumer computers.
    1976/77 Apple I, II & TRS-80 & Commodore Pet ComputersMore first consumer computers.
    1978 Dan Bricklin & Bob Frankston
    VisiCalc Spreadsheet Software
    Any product that pays for itself in two weeks is a surefire winner.
    1979 Seymour Rubenstein & Rob Barnaby
    WordStar Software
    Word Processors.
    1981 IBM
    The IBM PC - Home Computer
    From an "Acorn" grows a personal computer revolution
    1981 Microsoft
    MS-DOS Computer Operating System
    From "Quick And Dirty" comes the operating system of the century.
    1983 Apple Lisa ComputerThe first home computer with a GUI, graphical user interface.
    1984 Apple Macintosh ComputerThe more affordable home computer with a GUI.
    1985 Microsoft WindowsMicrosoft begins the friendly war with Apple.

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الإثنين 18 يونيو - 6:05